The Brain Disorders

“Your mental health should be more important than your fear to tell others how you feel. Do not be afraid to ask for help when you need it.”-Adriana Vandelinde

With increased biomedical research, many serious diseases have drastically reduced. Before a couple of decades the mortality rate for some of the diseases was more than 95%. The diseases like Leukaemia, HIV and chronic heart diseases were detrimental but we have good news that these biggest killer ailments have drastically reduced.

Mortality Rate

Unfortunately the suicide have been the most common cause among youngsters with a rate of almost a case at every 15 minutes. The subject death rate is more than the traffic fatalities in the world. We are more serious about the suicide attempts because more than 90% of the suicides are related to the a mental illness like depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, anorexia and borderline personality. There is a long list of the brain or mental diseases which are even early in life. It is not just the mortality from these mental disorders, it is also morbidity. The disabilities from medical causes also can be attributed to mental disorder. Hypertension is one of the major illnesses that also the source of morbidity and subject mortality. Now a days these kind of disorders are prevalent in young people. We can certainly understand the serious aspects of these illnesses to bring down the mortality rate especially in young generations.

Internal Circuitry Of Brain

The brain disorder or mental illness has become little unpopular term however the term behavioural disorders have been used as preference. But ultimately the source of these ailments is brain disorders.

When we talk about brain, it is unidimensional or simplistic. Brain is a complex organ because it makes 100 trillion synapses that make up all connections which do extra ordinary kinds of information processing. As far as our brain is concerned we always want to be in safe zone and try to engage this mysterious organ externally to understand the activities or behaviour. The ailments like obsessive compulsive disorder or post-traumatic stress disorders are difficult to understand as far as the role of brain is concerned because internal circuitry and its processes are difficult to identify. Since the whole patterns and fabricated structure of neurons are not similar just like our other limbs or organs, the wiring diagrams of the brain is much more unpredictable for the remedies for disorder. The brain disorders like Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease could be predicted as traffic jams due to inactivation or dead neurons just like dead tissues in the heart and leading to an attack.

Importance Of Early Intervention

Very onset schizophrenia in children seen in the form of behavioural symptoms of hallucinations or delusions and its intensities can be recorded with the help of scans and their colour patterns. Behaviour is the last thing to change. In some of the cases the changes in the brain is almost a decade old before it turns to be change in behaviour. Therefore, the early detection or intervention are important in brain circuit disorder. If we wait till manifestation behaviour happen we may sacrifice millions of life just like that of heart attack in case of coronary artery disease.

Major Disorders Of The Brain

The brain is the main organ of the central nervous system which is located in the head and protected by the skull. The three main parts of the brain are: Cerebrum, Cerebellum and Brain stem.

As a whole brain is processing the sensory information like thinking, learning, remembering and reasoning. Regulating blood pressure, heartbeat, and breathing. Controls the secretion, synthesizing and releasing the hormones. It produces and coordinates miscellaneous body movements. The external or internal injuries may become the root cause of the disorder. It depends upon the intensity or the location of the injury that can affect the brain. For instance the tumour at certain part of the brain which is located for sensory process may immediately affect the system than the injury or tumour at remove location. Brain diseases in the category of infections can be classified into different forms. Some of the major categories of brain diseases are inflammation, trauma, tumours, stroke, seizures, sclerosis etc. These are the more common disorders,

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

It is an injury to the brain and its parts, most commonly caused due to accidents, rupture of internal organs and other brain injuries, including Blood clots, Hematomas, Strokes, Concussions, Contusions, Swelling inside the skull, etc. In this disorder, tissue, neurons, and nerves of the brain are damaged by trauma. This results in the brain’s inability to communicate with the rest of the body. Patients may have frequent headache, dizziness, vomiting, depression, memory loss etc.


Patients can be treated on the basis of severity of the brain injury. Sometimes brain surgery may be needed to remove damaged tissues. Rehabilitation measures like physical therapy, speech, language therapy and psychiatry is done by experts.

Brain tumours

This is abnormal growth of tissue within the brain. This tumour may either be malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous) and can occur at any age groups.

Primary brain tumours– A tumours, which begins from the brain is termed as the Primary brain tumours. They are very dangerous and it can either be malignant or a benign tumour.

Secondary brain tumours– These tumours are formed or developed in some other part of the body and are spread into the brain.

The Symptoms may differ as per the severity and locations. Patients may suffer from headache, vomiting, seizures, mood swings, loss of balance etc.


The primary and the most desired treatment for the brain tumour is the surgery. It is mainly prescribed to remove the tumour cells. Other treatments include Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy and Rehabilitation.

Neurodegenerative Diseases

This is also called as the Degenerative Nerve Diseases. It is a range of condition which primarily affects the neurons in the human brain. Some common neurodegenerative diseases are:

Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease etc. Common symptoms of the neurodegenerative disease include: Anxiety, Tremor, Fatigue, Paralysis, Abnormal sensations, Muscular tremors etc.


There is no cure for neurodegenerative diseases, as this disorder causes permanent damage to the central nervous system. But few treatments are available to reduce symptoms and maintain the quality of life. Treatment often involves the use of medications to control symptoms and surgery may also be advised. Along with the medications, regular physical activities, lifestyle modifications, aerobic exercise, getting more rest are advised to all the patients with these disorders.

Take Away

1. Healthy diets like fresh fruits and vegetables can increase happiness and well-being of a person quickly. Include olive oil, nuts, vitamin and mineral supplement, and grains.

2. Reduce saturated fat intake to reduce the amount of saturated fat by 8 to 10 percent of total calories. It is advisable to avoid milk consumption, and cut down on fat products like butter or potatoes.



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Former aircraft engineer IAF, Retired Branch Manager SBI, Psychologist, Best Selling Author & Defence Recruitment Trainer